This surname JECKS is of the baptismal group of names 'the son of Jack'. The name was originally derived from the Old French Jaquette, and was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. After the Crusades in Europe, in the 11th 12th and 13th century people began, perhaps unconsciously, to feel the need of a family name, or at least a name in addition to the simple one that had been possessed from birth. The nobles and upper classes, especially those who went on the Crusades, observed the prestige and practical value of an added name, and were quick to take a surname. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Early records of the name mention John Jaket, 1273, County Yorkshire. Edward Jackets of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Roger Jaket was documented in Hastings in the year 1411. Thomas Stringfeild and Deboray Jacket were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1680. John Nash and Ann Jacket were married at St. George's, Mayfair, London in the year 1753. William Jacket married Susannah Norman at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1788. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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