The surname of JAVIER is a Spanish given name or a religious byname bestowed in honour of St. Francis Xavier (1506-52), the Jesuit missionary to the Far East. He was a member of a noble family who took their name from the castle of JAVIER in Navarre, where he was born at his mother's castle of XAVERO, near Sanguesa. He was the youngest son of Juan de Jasso, privy-councillor to the king of Navarre. He studied, then lectured at Paris, where he founded the Jesuit Society (1534). Ordained priest in 1537, he lived in Rome in the service of the society, and was sent by John III of Portugal as a missionary to the Portugese colonies of the east. In 1548 he founded a mission in Japan, which flourished for 100 years. This name is from the Basque section in northern Spain where the language is a remnant from an older civilization. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
Orders over $90 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).