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- I - Heraldic Terms


Ibex. See Antelope. Icicles. See Gouttes. Imbattled. See Embattled, Imbowed, Imbrued, &c. Immole: misreading of jumellé.

YOUNG. Impaling: the meaning and object of the impaling or setting side by side two coats of arms or more in the same shield will be found explained under marshalling, as well as some of the chief rules laid down by heralds respecting the process. An example is here given from a monument which once existed in Dorchester Church, Oxon, which is thus blazoned by Antony à Wood.

Lozengie argent and vert; on a chevron gules three bezants; on a chief gules a goat's head erased between two cinquefoils or; Impaling, (1) Or, on a chevron between three choughs gules, a crescent or; (2) Azure, three hatchets or--William YOUNG and Alicia his wife, which died, May 15, 1430. [Wood does not given the name of the second wife.]

John KEMP. Impaling CANTERBURY. It will be observed that the ordinaries, or charges, have to be drawn, as a rule, smaller, or at least narrower, than when then whole shield is occupied; and what is particularly to be noticed is that when a bordure, or an orle, or tressure occurs, it is, as a rule, not continued round the side where the impaling takes place; it may be said to be(but not blazoned as) couped by the line of impalement. The example given in the margin represents the arms of John KEMP, Abp. of Canterbury, 1452.

Azure, a pastoral staff in pale or, ensigned with a cross pattée argent, surmounted by a pall of the last, edged and fringed of the second, charged with four crosses pattée fitchée sable, for CANTERBURY; impaled with Gules, three garbes within a bordure engrailed or, for KEMP.

Other illustrations of Impaling will be found under Marshalling. It will, as a rule, readily be distinguished form Party per pale. Incensed, (fr. animé): said of panthers and other wild beasts borne with fire issuing from their mouths and eyes. Incontrant: of two aquatic birds, e.g. See-pies, Geese, or Swans, swimming towards one another. Increment, or Increscent. See Moon. Inde. See Azure, and examples under Cadency and Colour. Indented, (fr. denché), sometimes written endented: signifies that the edge of the ordinary, or the line of partition, is notched after the manner of dancetty, but with smaller teeth. It is applied most frequently to the fesse, though the bend, the pale, and the chevron are sometimes thus treated; also the chief, the indentation of course being in this case only on the under side. When the indentations are so deep as that the points touch the alternate edges of the ordinary, they are said to be indented point in point, or throughout.


HODY. Azure, a chief indented or--DUNHAM, Lincolnshire. Sire Roger de BAVENT, de argent, od le chef endente de sable--Roll, temp. ED. II. Sire Elys DAUBENY, de goules a une fesse endente de argent--Ibid. Azure, a chevron indented gules--BRIGHTELEY, Devon. Azure, a bend indented point in point or and gules between six escallops of the second--CRUSE, Devon. Argent, a fesse per fesse indented throughout vert and sable, cottised counterchanged[otherwise, a fesse indented point in point vert and sable]--HODY, Dorset. Argent, a fesse indented point in point or and gules; three trefoils slipped in chief sable--TYLL, Devon.

When the indentation of two ordinaries intersected one another the term 'de l'un en l'autre' was employed. The number of the endentures(or indents) is also sometimes given, and it is clear the old endenté answers rather to the modern dancetty.

Sire Walter de Fresnes, de goules à ij bendes endentes de or e de azure le un en le autre. Sire Hugh de Fresnes, de argent e de azure les bendes endente. [The first might be blazoned 'Gules, a bend per bend indented or and azure;' the second is intended to have the same field]--Roll, temp. ED. II. Sire William de MONTAGU, de argent, a une fesse endente de goules a iij endentures--Ibid.

Indian. See Man. Indorse, i.q. endorse, and Indorsed. See Endorsed. Similarly Ingrailed, Inhanced, &c. Inescutcheon. See under Escutcheon. Infamed; i.q. Defamed. Infant. See Child, also Head. Inflamed, (fr. ardent): burning with fire. See Altar, Beacon, &c. Infula. See Cap. Ingots of gold. See Metal. Ingulphant, ingullant, or engulphant, swallowing, e.g. of Whale swallowing a fish. See Vorant. Ink-horn. See Penner. Ink-moline. See Fer-de-moulin. Inraced, i.q. Indented. Inter. Some heralds have used this word for between. Interchangeably posed: said of three arrows, swords, q.v. fishes, or other long charges, placed over one another, but not fretted. Interchanged: erroneously used for Counterchanged. Interlaced, (fr. entrelacé): of any three charges so arranged, such as angles, annulets, or fish(see Salmon); two ordinaries also may be so arranged, e.g. two chevrons or a fesse and chevron may be so treated. But the term is not a very definite one, being used in the place of braced, embraced, fretted, &c.

Gules, a chevron argent interlacing another reversed or--SHEDAN, Scotland. Argent, a fesse and chevron interlaced sable--KEMPSING, co. Kent.

Invected. Invected, invecked, envecked, or invecqued: the reverse of engrailed, the points being turned inwards. Although engrailed occurs frequently in ancient rolls of arms, no case has been observed of invected, and, indeed, it is somewhat rare in modern arms, and it is doubtful if it occurs in French arms.

Gules, a pale invected argent--VECK, Scotland. Ermine, a fesse invecked azure between two bees volant in chief proper, and a damask rose in base gules barbed vert--KEET, Canterbury. Or, two bars invected above and engrailed below gules--BOXLE. Argent, a fesse azure voided invecked of the field; in chief a martlet sable--WIGGON. Argent, two bendlets invecked sable; a mullet in the sinister chief point for difference--RADCLIFFE, [Somerset Herald, 1543]. Or, three bars azure, over all a saltire counterchanged within a bordure invecked gules--DIPFORD, London.

Interstices: a somewhat awkward expression used in cases where awkward arms have to be blazoned, similar to the following.

Argent, semy of annulets, within each a lion rampant and an eagle displayed alternately sable; in the interstices a lesser annulet of the last--YVAIN.

Inverted, or reversed; used when the charge is turned upside down. Involved: said of a serpent when twisted round in a circular direction(fr. arrondi). Ireland, Insignia of. These have been very differently described by early heraldic writers; indeed so much doubt has prevailed concerning them that in the reign of Edward IV. a commission was issued to enquire what they were.

Azure, three crowns in pale proper--According to the commission, temp. ED. IV. Gules, three 'old harpes' [cloyshackes] or, stringed argent, two and one--MS. Harl. 304. [Three harps occur as the arms of Ireland upon certain coins of Elizabeth, A.D. 1561.] Gules, a castle argent, a hart issuing out of the gate in has proper colour, horned or--Ibid. "[The armes of Yrland] as by the description of strangers is per pale gules and argent, in the gules an armed arme w the poldron arg. holding a sword in the gantlet, garnished gold; in the silv'r a demy splayed egle sable, membred gules."--Ibid. On a field vert a harp or stringed argent--The[unauthorized] national flag of Ireland.

Although our kings were styled lords of Ireland from the time of its conquest, and even though Henry VIII. was in 1541 declared king of that island by an Act of Parliament, its armorial ensign were not quartered with those of England until the accession of James I. They are now held to be--

Azure, a harp or, stringed argent. Crest: upon a wreath or and azure, a tower(sometimes triple-towered) gold, from the port, a hart springing argent[also a harp or stringed argent, but this is properly the badge].

See also under Badges. Iris. See Lily. Irish brogue. See Boot. Iron, a Basket-maker's, see Basket. Grossing-iron and cripping-iron, see Glaziers. Cutting-iron and soldering-iron, see Plumbers. Also Wiredrawer's iron. Irradiated: surrounded by rays.

MARKHAM. Issant, or Issuant: arising from the bottom line of a field or chief, or from the upper line of a fesse, or from a coronet. Naissant, a term with which issuant is often confounded, has a somewhat different signification, namely, when the figure rises from the midst of the chief, or fesse, or other charge. Issuing from the side of the shield is also found; and this is perhaps the same as the French mouvant. See under Arm, Aspect, &c.

Azure, on a chief or, a demi-lion rampant issuant gules--MARKHAM, Notts. Argent, a fesse gules, a demi-lion issuing therefrom sable--CHALMERS, Scotland.

Ivy branches: so far as has been observed, only two examples occur, and then on account of the name.

Argent, a bend sable between three ivy branches proper--IVETT. Argent, an ivy branch overspreading the whole field vert--The town of SAINT IVES, Cornwall.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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