The surname HUTTO is a German surname of two-fold origin. It was a locational name 'the dweller at the hut or small cottage'. In Bavaria it was used as an occupational name for a carpenter (ie. a builder of huts). It is also used of a maker of hats or a nickname for a wearer of distinctive hats. The original old German was HUOTAN, meaning 'to protect' and since hats were regarded in medieval times as being primarily for protection rather than for ornamentation, this is how the nickname may have been derived. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name is also spelt HUTHE, HUTHER, HUTER and HUTHMANN. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. An eminent member of the surname was Leonhard HUTH(ER) the German theologian and champion of Lutheran orthodoxy. He taught theology at Wittenberg from 1596. His Comendium Locorum Theologicorum, written in 1610 was an enormously long work. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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