This ancient surname of HUTTLEY was originally derived from the Old Norman word UTLAGI meaning 'outlaw'. It was also occasionally used as a personal name, and was brought into England from France in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Alan le VTLAGE who was documented in Suffolk in the year 1230, and John le Ultawe was recorded in Canterbury in 1316. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Listed in John Hotten's Book of the Persons of Quality who emigrated to the New Land, was a certain Richard HUTLEY who was recorded as living in Virginia on 16th February, 1623. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.
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