The surname of HUTCHINSON was derived from the Old French Huchon - a baptismal name 'the son of Hugh'. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention John Huchoun, of County Somerset, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Isabella Huchsone, of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. James Huchonsone, who held land in Glasgow was recorded in 1454. John Huchonson was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1466. William Huchison was a tenant of Uthircloy, Ardmanoch in the year 1504. John Hutchinson (1615-64) was the English Puritan soldier and regicide, born in Nottingham. He studied at Peterhouse Cambridge, and Lincoln's Inn. A parliamentarian, he was governor of Nottingham, and became one of King Charles' judges, and signed the warrent for his execution. He was later imprisoned in the Tower and at Sandown Castle on a groundless suspicion of treasonable conspiracy, where he died. The Memoirs, written by his widow for her children, and first published in 1806, revealed a picture of a grave and courteous gentleman, wholly free from austerity and fanaticism. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write, signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. George and Thomas Hutcheson, brothers, founded the hospital in Glasgow which bears their name 1639-1641. The name is also spelt Hutchieson and Hutchison.
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