The surname of HUTCHEON was derived from the Old French Huchon - a baptismal name 'the son of Hugh'. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. The earliest French hereditary surnames are found in the 12th century, at more or less the same time as they arose in England, but they are by no means common before the 13th century, and it was not until the 15th century that they stabilized to any great extent; before then a surname might be handed down for two or three generations, but then abandoned in favour of another. In the south, many French surnames have come in from Italy over the centuries, and in Northern France, Germanic influence can often be detected. Early records of the name mention John Huchoun, of County Somerset, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Isota Huchon was recorded in Wiltshire in the same year. Willelmus Huchon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
The name was taken early to Scotland by settlers, and James Huchonsone, who held land in Glasgow in 1454, appears to be the first of the name on record there. John Huchonson was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1466.
William Huchison was a tenant of Uthircloy, Ardmanoch in the year 1504.
George and Thomas Hutcheson, brothers, founded the hospital in Glasgow which bears their name 1639-1641. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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