In the Middle Ages the majority of the population lived in cottages or huts rather than houses, and in most cases this name probably indicates someone who had some connection with the largest and most important building of the settlement, either in a religious 'house' or simply the local 'great-house'. In some cases it may indicate a 'householder' someone who owned his dwelling as opposed to being a tenant. The name HUSEMAN has numerous variant spellings which include HOOSE, HOUSER, HOUSEMAN, HOWSE and HOUSE. Early records of the name mention HUSS (without surname) who was recorded in 1198. Simon filius Hus was documented in the year 1226 in County Oxford. Geoffrey de la House, 1279 County Northumberland. William atte House of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. An eminent member of the name was Edward Mandell House (1858-1938) the American Diplomat born in Houston, Texas. During and after World War I he represented America in many conferences, and was a long and close associate of President Wilson. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Moris Howse, who appears in 1467, in an inquisition regarding fishing on the river Tweed, appears to be the first of the name on record. James Housse was documented in Prestwick in the year 1509. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacture. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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