This surname HUELSMANN was derived from the Old German HUGHLIN a diminutive of Hugo. A baptismal name 'the son of Hugh'. The name was originally brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and HUGELINUS (without surname) appears to be the first of the name on record. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday Book. Other records of the name mention HVCHELINUS (without surname) who appears in 1066 in Hampshire. Hugelyn Bourbeyn of the County of Huntingdonshire in 1052 and Robert Huelin of Wales was documented in the year 1202. Richard Hulin of the County of Suffolk appears in 1275 and John Huwelyn of the County of Worcester in 1327. Hugo Hullin of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379, and Edward Huelyn of Yorkshire, was mentioned in County Lancashire in 1400. Robert Howlinge of the County of Essex was recorded in 1549. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name.
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