The German and Dutch surname of HUBBA was derived originally from the Old German word HUOBA, a measure of land, varying in size at different periods and in different places, but always of considerable extent, and appreciably larger than the holding on the average peasant. The surname would usually denotes a holder or owner of this amount of land, who would have been a prosperous small farmer and probably one of the leading men in his village. However, it seems also to have been acquired sometimes by men of lower status who merely worked on such a holding in return for a wage, having no land of their own. The name has many variant spellings which include HUBNER, HUBER, HUFFNER, HUEBMER and HIEMER. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. The Dutch language is most closely related to Low German, and its surnames have been influenced both by German and French naming practices. The preposition 'van' is found especially with habitation names, and the 'de' mainly with nicknames. The name was probably brought to England in the wake of the Norman Conquest of 1066. Early records of the name mention Huber de Vall, documented in County Sussex in 1273. Osbert Houbard was documented in County Somerset, during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Petrus Hubar of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379.
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