This surname was of the baptismal group of surnames meaning 'the son of Osmund' an ancient( although now forgotten) font name, which was derived from the Old English word OSKIN, meaning god-spear. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Osekin (without surname) who was documented in the year 1273 in London. Thomas Hoskyns of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377) and Peter Osekyn was recorded in 1306 Robert Osekin of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Peter Osekyn was documented in County Sussex in the year of 1306 and William Hoskyns was recorded in 1463 in County Berkshire. After the crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries, a need was felt for an family name to replace the one that had been given at birth, or in addition to it. This was recognised by thost of noble birth, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. The acquisition of surnames in Europe during the past eight hundred years has been affected by many factors, including social class and social structure, naming practices in neighbouring cultures, and indigenous cultural tradition. On the whole, the richer and more powerful classes tended to acquire surnames earlier than the working classes and the poor, while surnames were quicker to catch on in urban areas than in more sparsely populated rural areas. These facts suggest that the origin of surnames is associated with the emergence of bureaucracies. As long as land tenure, military service, and fealty were matters of direct relationship between a lord and his vassals, the need did not arise for fixed distinguishing epithets to mark out one carl from another. But as societies became more complex, and as such matters as the management of tenure and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to have a more complex system of nomenclature to distinguish one individual from another reliably and unambiguousl The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The name has many variant spellings which include Hosking and Hosken.
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