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Horstmann Coat of Arms / Horstmann Family Crest

Horstmann Coat of Arms / Horstmann Family Crest

The surname of HORSTMANN was an official occupational name 'the horseman' either a mounted soldier or a keeper and breeder of horses. The name is also spelt HORSEMAN and HORSMANN. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Agnes le HORSEMAN, who was recorded in Buckinghamshire, England in the year 1273, and Walter HORSMAN was recorded in Oxford in the same year. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. Later instances of the name mention John HORSEMAN and Agnes Ward, who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1589, and Abraham HORSMAN was buried at St. Michael, Cornhill, London in the year 1593. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.


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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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