The surname of HORNYGOLD was of the locational group of surnames 'of Hornigold' a parish in County Leicestershire, four miles from Uppingham. The first recorded of the name was John de Hornyold, who was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Habitation names are derived from names denoting towns, villages, farmsteads or other named places, which include rivers, houses with signs on them, regions, or whole counties. The original bearer of the name who stayed in his area might be known by the name of his farm, or the locality in the parish; someone who moved to another town might be known by the name of his village; while someone who moved to another county could acquire the name of that county or the region from which he originated. Later instances of the name mention John Hornygold, who was recorded in 1524 in County Suffolk, and Widow Hornigold was documented in the Wills of Chester in 1674. Thomas Hornigold and Dorothy Fitzherbert were married in London in 1680, and Henry Garrett and Susanna Hornigold wed at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in 1709. In Norwich church there is recorded 'In this vault lieth Mr Henry Horningold, May 26th, 1726'. For the majority of the English speaking peoples, the main sources of names have been the traditions of the various Germanic tribes of Northern Europe, and the names introduced by the Church, perhaps Hebrew names of the Old Testament, or Greek and Roman names of the New Testament and saints. Many names were brought over to England by the invading Anglo-Saxons, a mixed collection of people from various Germanic tribes, speaking various dialects which were called Old English. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. Registered at Bredon, County Worcestershire. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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