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Horning Coat of Arms / Horning Family Crest

Horning Coat of Arms / Horning Family Crest

This surname of HORNING is an English and German name of various origins. It was a baptismal name meaning 'the son of HORNUNG' (one who was born in February); one who was born out of wedlock, a love son or bastard; descendant of HORNO, a pet form of names beginning with HORN. The name was brought into England at an early date and gave rise to HORNING, a spot in County Norfolk. The name at that time was rendered in the Old English form HORNINGAS, literally meaning the dweller at the sharp bend or spur. Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, clstream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. The earliest of the name on record appears to be HORNIGGA (without surname) who was recorded in County Norfolk in the year 1020, and HORNINGA (without surname) was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. HORNING (without surname) was recorded in the year 1254. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. A notable member of the name was Ernest William HORNUNG (1866-1921) the English novelist, born in Middlesbrough. Brother-in-law of Arthur Conan Doyle, he was the creator of 'Raffles' the gentleman burglar hero of 'The Amateur Cracksman' (1899) 'Mr Justice Raffles' (1909 and many other adventure stories.

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Last Updated: April 12th, 2023

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