The surname of HORNE was a baptismal name 'the son of Horn'. The name is also spelt HORN and HORNEY. One Alwin Horne held lands in Middlesex and Hertfordshire before the making of the Domesday Book 1086. Also local 'of Horn' a parish in County Kent. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. Early records of the name mention HORNE (without surname) who was documented in the year 1185 in County Yorkshire. Adam Horne documented in Middlesex in 1273. Johannes Horne of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William atte Horne of County Somerset, was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). William Horne of London and Jane Alisunder (widow) were married in London in 1588. The name was taken to Scotland by early settlers, and John Horn was 'evil treated and beaten' on the border in 1279. David Horne is mentioned in a charter relating to the land of Cupar in 1456. John Horne was the burgess of Aberdeen in 1487. William Horn was the attorney for Robert, Archbishop of Glasgow in 1503. James Horne was the bailie of Haddington in 1567. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufacture. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. In many parts of central and western Europe, hereditary surnames began to become fixed at around the 12th century, and have developed and changed slowly over the years. As society became more complex, and such matters as the management of tenure, and in particular the collection of taxes were delegated to special functionaries, it became imperative to distinguish a more complex system of nomenclature to differentiate one individual from another.
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