This German surname of HOLTHAUS which is also spelt HOLZ, HOLZER, HOLTZMAN, GOLTZER and HOUT, to name but a few was habitation name from the dweller in or near a grove; one who came from Holz or Holzen, the name of many places in Germany. Surnames are divided into four categories, from occupations, nicknames, baptismal and locational. All the main types of these are found in German-speaking areas, and names derived from occupations and from nicknames are particularly common. A number of these are Jewish. Patronymic surnames are derived from vernacular Germanic given names, often honouring Christian saints. Regional and ethnic names are also common. The German preposition 'von (from) or 'of', used with habitation names, is taken as a mark of aristocracy, and usually denoted proprietorship of the village or estate from where they came. Some members of the nobility affected the form VON UND ZU with their titles. In eastern Germany there was a heavy influence both from and on neighbouring Slavonic languages. Many Prussian surnames are of Slavonic origin. A notable member of this name was Arno HOLZ (l863-l929) German author and critic, born in Rastenburg, East Prussia. He first produced lyric poetry, but he is best known for his criticism. 'Die Kunst ihr Wesen und ihre Gesetze (l890-l892) inaugurated the German Impressionist school. 'Revolution der Lyrik' (l899) rejected all metrical devices, and 'Pjhantasus (l898-89) was written on this theory. 'Papa Hamlet'(l899) and the drama 'Familie Selicke' (l890) both written in collaboration with Johannes Aschaf, are influenced by Zola. The word Heraldry is derived from the German HEER, (a host, an army) and HELD, (champion): the term BLASON, by which the science is denoted in French, English, Italian and German, has most probably its origin in the German word 'BLAZEN' (to blow the horn). Whenever a new knight appeared at a Tournament, the herald sounded the trumpet, and as competitors attended with closed vizors, it was his duty to explain the bearing of the shield or coat-armour belonging to each. Thus, the knowledge of the various devices and symbols was called 'Heraldry'. The Germans transmitted the word to the French, and it reached England after the Norman Conquest of 1066.
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