Hollinsworth Coat of Arms / Hollinsworth Family Crest
The surname of HOLLINSWORTH was a locational name 'of Hollingworth' the name of places in Cheshire and Lancashire. The name was derived from the Old English word 'holinwurt' and meant the dweller beside the holy enclosure, or one who dwelt near the church or temple. Early records of the name mention HOLISURDE (without surname) listed as a tenant in the Domesday Book of 1086. The name was documented as HOLYENWORTH (without surname) in the year 1285. Johannes de Holynworth, 1273, County Yorkshire. John de Holynworth of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. John de Holynworth of Disley, County Chester, was documented in the year 1438. John Hollinsworth and Margaret Smyth were married at Prestbury Church, Cheshire in the year 1560. The name is also spelt Hollingsworth. Many factors contributed to the establishment of a surname system. For generations after the Norman Conquest of 1066 a very few dynasts and magnates passed on hereditary surnames, but the main of the population, with a wide choice of first-names out of Celtic, Old English, Norman and Latin, avoided ambiguity without the need for a second name. As society became more stabilized, there was property to leave in wills, the towns and villages grew and the labels that had served to distinguish a handful of folk in a friendly village were not adequate for a teeming slum where perhaps most of the householders were engaged in the same monotonous trade, so not even their occupations could distinguish them, and some first names were gaining a tiresome popularity, especially Thomas after 1170. The hereditary principle in surnames gained currency first in the South, and the poorer folk were slower to apply it. By the 14th century however, most of the population had acquired a second name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th until the 13th century, a need was felt for a family name in addition to the one given at birth. This was firstly recognized by those of noble birth, as it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Originally the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat.
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