Hollingshead Coat of Arms / Hollingshead Family Crest
This surname of HOLLINGSHEAD was a locational name from an unidentified place in County Durham, perhaps from Hollingside or Holmside, which are in that area. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land, and indicated where he actually lived. The name was derived from the elements HOLEGN (holly) and SID (side), literally meaning the dweller at the enclosure or settlement where holly was grown. Surnames before the Norman Conquest of 1066 were rare in England having been brought by the Normans when William the Conqueror invaded the shores. The practice spread to Scotland and Ireland by the 12th century, and in Wales they appeared as late as the 16th century. Most surnames can be traced to one of four sources, locational, from the occupation of the original bearer, nicknames or simply font names based on the first name of the parent being given as the second name to their child. Early records of the name mention Richard de Holineside, 1220, County Durham. John del Holynshede was documented in East Cheshire in the year 1408. Peter Carter and Isabel Hollinshed were married at Prestbury, County Cheshire in 1560. William Hollinshead and Sarah Louch were married at St.Thomas the Apostle, London in 1644. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way.
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