Hollingdale Coat of Arms / Hollingdale Family Crest
HOLLINGDALE was a locational name 'the dweller beside the hollins' from residence near the holly bushes. The name was derived from the Old English word HOLEGN. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he held his land: this name identified his whole family and followed him wherever he moved. It could have been his place of birth, or the name of his land-holding. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. HOLLINGDALE was an English Tax code area to be found in 1087 in the Domesday Book under the spelling HOLINDALL. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Adam atte Holindall who was documented in the year 1273 in the County of Surrey. Robert del Holindale was recorded in the year 1279 in Wakefield, Yorkshire, and William Hollins appears in County Lancashire in 1332. Willelmus del Holyndale of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. During the Middle Ages, when people were unable to read or write signs were needed for all visual identification. For several centuries city streets in Britain were filled with signs of all kinds, public houses, tradesmen and even private householders found them necessary. This was an age when there were no numbered houses, and an address was a descriptive phrase that made use of a convenient landmark. At this time, coats of arms came into being, for the practical reason that men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory.Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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