Hollingbery Coat of Arms / Hollingbery Family Crest
The surname of HOLLINGBERRY was of the locational group of surnames meaning 'one of Aldbury' a parish in the diocese of St. Albans. The name was derived from the Old English word HOLEBERI, literally meaning the dweller at the old fort with breaches in its walls'. The earliest of the name on record appears to be HOLEBERI (without surname) who was recorded in 1187 in Hampshire. HOLEBURY (without surname) was recorded in 1270. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. John de Holebury was documented in County Bedford in 1273, and Hugh Holdebury of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The name has numerous variant spellings which include Holbery, Holborow, Holbrow Hollbrow and Holborrow. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. At first the coat of arms were a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over his armour.
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