The associated coat of arms for this name are recorded in J.B Rietstaps Armorial General. Illustrated by V & H.V Rolland's. This Monumental work took 23 years to complete and 85,000 coats of Arms are included in this work. The surname of HOLLAR was a locational name 'the dweller beside the hollins' from residence near the holly bushes. The name was derived from the Old English word HOLEGN. In the middle ages it was customary for a man to be named after the village where he held his land: this name identified his whole family and followed him wherever he moved. It could have been his place of birth, or the name of his land-holding. Local surnames, by far the largest group, derived from a place name where the man held land or from the place from which he had come, or where he actually lived. These local surnames were originally preceded by a preposition such as "de", "atte", "by" or "in". The names may derive from a manor held, from working in a religious dwelling or from literally living by a wood or marsh or by a stream. A notable member of the name was Wenceslaus HOLLAR (1607-77) the Bohemian engraver and etcher, born in Prague. He came to London with the Earl of Arundel and Surrey in 1637, served in a royalist regiment and was taken prisoner at Basing House. From 1645 to 1652 he lived in Antwerp. Returning to London at the Restoration he was appointed 'His Majesty's designer'. He produced two magnificent plates of costume, entitled 'Severall Habits of English Women' (1640) and 'Theatrum Mulierum' (1643), as well as maps, panoramas etc, preserved in the British Museum and the Royal Library, Windsor. His panoramic view of London from Southwark after the Great Fire, is one of the most valuable topographical records of the 17th century. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries.
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