The surname of HODGKIN was a baptismal name 'the son of Hodge', a pet form of Roger. The name was documented early in England, and the first of the name on records appears to be HOGGESONE (without surname) who was recorded in 1086. Many of the early names recorded in medieval documents denote noble families but many also indicate migration from the continent during, and in the wake of, the Norman invasion of 1066. There was a constant stream of merchants, workmen and others arriving in England during this time. In 1086 the Record of Great Inquisition of lands of England, their extent, value, ownership and liabilities was made by order of William The Conqueror. It is known as the Domesday book. Other records of the name mention Ebbotta Hoggeson who was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. William Hoggeson of the County of Lancashire appears in the year 1395 and John Hodgeson of the County of Yorkshire was recorded in 1525. Hoggie de Hedde of London, was documented during the reign of Henry VII (1485-1509). A notable bearer of the name was Ralph Hodgson (1871-1962) the English poet, born in Yorkshire. He became a journalist in London and published three volumes of poems always with the theme of nature and England. He was awarded the Order of the Rising Sun (1938) and the Queen's Gold Medal in 1954. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name.
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