This surname HIVELY was a Polish, French, Spanish, Italian, German and British name of Celtic origin meaning foreigner or stranger. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form GALLUS, which was widespread in Europe during the Middle Ages. Its popularity was due to the fame of a 7th century Irish monk, St. Gall (apparently from the Latin family name GALLUS). He established a Christian settlement to the south of Lake Constance, which became the monastery later known as St. Gall. His given name was taken into Czechoslovakia as HAVEL and into Poland as GAWEL. The name has travelled widely in many forms which include GAUL, GAW, LE GALL, KALA, KALAUS, GALLASCH, HIVLEY, HIVERLY, HALEK and HALIK, to name but a few. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. A notable member of the name is Vaclav HAVEL, born in 1936. He is the Czech dramatist and statesman, born in Prague where he was educated at the Academy of Dramatic Art. He began work as a stagehand at the Prague 'Theatre on the Balustrade', becoming resident writer there from 1960 to 1969. His work includes 'Zahradni Slavnost' (The Garden Party) (1963) 'Spiklenci' (The Conspirators) (1970) and 'The Temptation' (1987). Deemed subversive, he was frequently arrested, and in 1979 was imprisoned for four and a half years. He was again imprisoned in February 1989, but was released three months later. In December 1989, after the overthrow of the Czechoslovakian Communist party, he was elected president by direct popular vote.
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