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Hendra Coat of Arms / Hendra Family Crest

Hendra Coat of Arms / Hendra Family Crest

This surname of HENDRA was a Cornish habitation name from any of various places so called from the Cornish HENDRE, meaning 'winter homestead', the home-farm of a people who practised transhumance. (This was a form of pastoral nomadism in which livestock are moved seasonally between mountain summer pastures and lower lying winter pastures, or between northern and southern, or wet and dry season grazing areas). The name was derived from the elements HEN (old) and TRE (homestead). Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries. Cornish naming practices are unfortunately poorly documented for the Middle Ages, but present day Cornish surnames, somewhat surprisingly, do not follow the predominantly patronymic pattern of the other Celtic languages, including Welsh. This may be attributed to the greater influence of the English bureaucracy and English naming practices in Cornwall than in Wales at the time when surnames came into use. The majority of Cornish names are habitation names and others are derived from medieval given names. The earliest of the name on record appears to be HENDREA (without surname) who was listed in the Domesday Book of 1086. HENREDE (without surname) was recorded in Cornwall in 1185. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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