The surname of HEMINGWAY is a familiar West Riding of Yorkshire surname, from an unidentified place, probably in the parish of Halifax. The name was composed of the elements HEMMING + WAY (path). Early records of the name mention Richard HEMENGWAY who was recorded in the year 1273 in County Yorkshire and Thomas EMYNGWAY of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Henry Fletcher married Elinor HEMINGWAY at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1790. The name is also spelt HEMMENGWAY and HEMINGWAY. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. A notable member of the name was Ernest HEMINGWAY (1898-1961) the American author of short stories and novels. He was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1954. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, Surroy and Norroy in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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