The surname of HELLINGER was an English medieval font name, from the given name HELEN (Greek HELENE). The name is of uncertain origin, although it was the name of the mother of Constantine the Great, who was credited with finding the True Cross; according to legend she was of British origin, and the name was consequently popular in England during the Middle Ages. Other spellings of the name include ELEN, ELLIN, ELLYNE, HELLEN, HELLIN, ELLENS and HELLENS. Early records of the name mention Helenam (without surname) who appears in Yorkshire in the year 1204, and Robert Helene was documented in 1275 in County Worcestershire. John Elion owned land in Essex and was recorded in 1327, and Robert atte Hellengs appears in the same year. Willelmus Hellon of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. Later instances of the name mention John Payne and Hannah Helin who were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1669, and Thomas Ellin and Ann Cadby were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1791. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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