This surname of HEINECKE was originally from a Germanic personal name composed of the elements HEIM (home) and RIC (power) meaning 'home-rule). The name was introduced into England by the Normans in the form HENRI. During the Middle Ages this name became enormously popular in England and was borne by eight kings. Continental forms of the name were equally popular, in Germany as Heinrich, France, Henri etc. In the period in which the majority of surnames were formed in England, a common vernacular form of the name was HARRY; official documents of the period normally used the Latin form HENRICUS. The name is also spelt HEINRICH, HEINZLER, HENKENS, HEINKEL, HENKELS, HEINTZ, ENRIQUEZ, ENRICA, and HENTZELER. The first hereditary surnames on German soil are found in the second half of the 12th century, slightly later than in England and France. However, it was not until the 16th century that they became stabilized. The practice of adopting hereditary surnames began in the southern areas of Germany, and gradually spread northwards during the Middle Ages. Henry John HEINZ (1844-1919) was the American food manufacturer and packer, born of German parents in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania. At the age of eight he peddled produce from the family garden and in 1876 became co-founder, with his brother and cousin of F and J Heinz. The business was reorganized as H J HEINZ Co. in 1888, and he was president from 1095 to 1919. He invented the advertising slogan '57 varieties' in 1896, promoted the pure food movement in the US and was a pioneer in staff welfare work. Because of the close relationship between the English and German languages, some Germans are able to transform their names to the English form just by dropping a single letter. Many Germans have re-spelt their names in America. After the start of the first World War, Germans in great numbers Anglicized their names in an effort to remove all doubt as to their patriotism. Afterwards some changed back, and then during World War II the problem became acute once more, and the changing started all over again, although not with as much intensity. Many immigrants from Germany settled in Pennsylvania.
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