The surname of HAREN was of two fold origin. It was a baptismal name 'the son of Haring' an early font name in use in the 12th century. It was also an occupational name for a seller of fish. The name is also spelt HARRING, HERRING and HERIN. Early records of the name mention John Hareng, County Bedfordshire, 1273. Reymond Heryng, was documented in the year 1307 in County Yorkshire. Reymund Heryng of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. Later instances of the name mention John Herring who married Mary Bennet, St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1729 and William Hering married Sarah Russell, at the same church in the year 1748. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield and embroidered on his surcoat, the flowing and draped garment worn over the armour. Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th Century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had.
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