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Hardee Coat of Arms / Hardee Family Crest

Hardee Coat of Arms / Hardee Family Crest

The surname of HARDEE was derived from the Old English word 'hardi' a nickname for a brave and courageous man. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers in the early 12th century. William Hardy of Lanarkshire, was documented in the year 1296. The Hardies of Crathie and Crathienard, were a wild and extravagant race. William Hardi, 1194 Yorkshire. William de Hardy was recorded in 1306 in London. Thomas Hardy of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The use of fixed surnames or descriptive names appears to have commenced in France about the year 1000, and such names were introduced into Scotland through the Normans a little over one hundred years later, although the custom of using them was by no means common for many years afterwards. During the reign of Malcolm Ceannmor (1057-1093) the latter directed his chief subjects, after the custom of other nations, to adopt surnames from their territorial possessions, and there created 'The first erlis that euir was in Scotland'. Most of the European surnames in countries such as England, Scotland and France were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. The name is also spelt HARDIE, HARDY and HARDEY. A certain William Herdy of Orkney was punished for becoming involved in a battle at Summerdale in 1529. Several of the name are mentioned in the Commissariot Record of Dunblane in the 16th and 17th centuries. (This was the record of the courts which had jurisdiction over domestic relations). A notable member of the name was James Keir Hardie (1856-1915) the Scottish Labour leader, one of the founders of the Labour party, born near Holytown, Lanarkshire. He worked in a coal-pit from childhood. Victimized as champion of the miners (whom he organized) he moved to Cumnock and became a journalist. He started and edited 'The Labour Leader' and strongly opposed Liberal influence of the trade unions.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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