This surname of HALLBERG was a name applied to a warrior who used a 'halbert' a weapon combined of a spear and a battle-axe. The name was of Scandinavian origin, and taken into England and Scotland in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. Other spellings of the name include HALBERT and HALBERD. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. During the 17th century surnames were brought to Britain, North America and southern Africa by French Huguenot exiles. The Huguenots were French Protestants, and in 1572 large numbers of them were massacred in Paris on the orders of Queen Catherine de'Medici. Many of the survivors sought refuge in England and elsewhere. Although the Edict of Nantes (1598) officially guaranteed religious toleration, persecution continued, and the Edict was revoked by Louis XIV in 1685. It was then the trickle of emigration became a flood. Many migrated to England, while others joined groups of Dutch Protestants settling around the Cape of Good Hope. Others sailed across the Atlantic to establish themselves in North America. Early records of the name include Jonet HALBERT and Mariota HALBERT, who were recorded in Scotland in 1643, and John HALBERT of Dallblair, Scotland was documented in 1677. William HALBERT was a schoolmaster at Auchinleck, Ayrshire in the year 1789. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. A notable member of the name was Clarence Theodore HALBURG, born 31st January, 1907. He was a surgeon, and his appointments included General practice at Redland, California, and Chairman of the Department of General Practice.
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