Surnames as we know them today were first assumed in Europe from the 11th to the 15th century. They were not in use in England or in Scotland before the Norman Conquest, and were first found in the Domesday Book. The employment in the use of a second name was a custom that was first introduced from the Normans. They themselves had not long before adopted them. It became, in course of time, a mark of gentler blood, and it was deemed a disgrace for gentlemen to have but one single name, as the meaner sort had. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that it became a general practice amongst all people. GUN was of Norse origin GUNN-ARR an old West Scandinavian name meaning 'battle'. The first of the name connected with Caithness, Gunii, son of Olav, a Caithness chief of the 12th century. They were a war-like clan and occupied mainly the Highland portions of Caithness. The connection with the county as a distinct clan ended about the year 1619. Early records of this name mention a pension that was paid to John, son of Gunn, by the provost of Rutherglen in 1327. In 1329, John, son of Gyn and nine other men were paid for rigging, and sent to Tarbert. Robert Gunn was deacon of Craft in Stirling, in the year 1585. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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