The surname of GUMP is of French and Low German origin, originally derived from GUNDBERT, a Germanic personal name composed of the elements GUND (battle, strife) + BERHT (bright, famous). The name was relatively popular both in France and Germany during the Middle Ages, and was also adopted by Ashkenazic Jews, bestowed by anti-Semitic government officials in 18th and 19th central Europe. The name has numerous variant spellings which include GOMBART, GUMPERT, GUMMERT, GOMMERT, GUMBRECHT, GUMPRECHT, and GUMPRICH. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France. Notable members of the name include Moses GOMBERG (1866-1947) the Russian-born American chemist, born in Elisabetgrad in the Ukraine. In 1884 he emigrated to the United States and was educated at Michigan, Munich and Heidelberg, and became professor at Michigan (1904-36). He is famous for his discovery of organic free radicals. Sir Ernst Hans Josef GOMBRICH, born in 1909 is the Austrian-born British art historian, born in Vienna, the son of a lawyer father and a pianist mother. He studied at the university of Vienna, then emigrated to Britain where he joined the staff of the Warburg Institute, London in 1936, becoming its director and professor of the history of the classical tradition from 1959 until he retired in 1976.
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