This name is also spelt GRAHAM, GRAEME, GRAYHAM and GREIME. There is a tradition that the Roman Wall across Scotland was breached by a Graham, and from this incident was named 'Graham's Dyke'. While this story is doubtful the 'Gallant Grahams' can at least claim a very ancient origin. GREIM was the name of an illustrious family of Anglo-Norman origin which settled in Scotland early in the 12th century. The name is derived from the Old English Graegham (grey home) from the manor of that name. The first of the name in Scotland appears to be William de Graham who received from David 1. the lands of Abercorn and Dalkeith and is witness to several of the Kings charters, circa 1128. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry I (1100-1135) and when Henry II (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome. Sir John de Graham of Dundaff, the faithful friend of the patriot Wallace, was slain at the battle of Falkirk in 1298. The 3rd Lord Graham was created Earl of Montrose by James 1V. in 1504, and fell at Flodden in 1513. James, 5th Earl, was created Marquis of Montrose in 1644. He was a brilliant soldier and his campaign in Scotland one of the most masterly in military annals. He was executed in 1650. Another famous soldier was John Graham of Claverhouse, Viscount Dundee. During his campaign against the Covenanters he gained the name 'Bloody Clavers', but to his supporters and to his friends, he was affectionately known as 'Bonnie Dundee'. He died in his hour of triumph at the Battle of Killiecrankie in 1689.
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