The surname of GRANGE was originally derived from the farms, which are still found throughout the country in the neighbourhood of old abbeys, named 'The Grange'. They were the farm steadings where the monks carried on their farming operations, and where the grain and cattle derived from their more distant possessions, were stored and housed. Around 'the grange' were clustered numerous cottages for the labourers and their families, and the whole was under the charge of a monk or lay brother, named from his office 'the Granger'. In Latin the name of the office was rendered 'granatarius' manager of the victual and appears in Scots as granitar, thus bringing the name Grange into being. The burghs of Scotland owe much of their prosperity to the large immigration of foreigners which went on during the 12th and 13th centuries. The original founders of the towns, were in many cases wanderers from Flanders, who brought with them their habits of industry and knowledge of trade and manufactures. Settlers of this description came in great numbers to England in the reign of Henry 1. (1100-1135) and when Henry 11 (1154-1189) drove all foreigners out of his dominions they flocked into Scotland, where a more enlightened policy made them welcome.
Early records of the name mention Gocelin, brother of Hugh Grainger, who witnessed the grant of the church of Pulloc to the monks of Paisley, circa. 1189. Robert de la Graunge of the county of Roxburghe was recorded in 1296, and Robert the 'Granatorius' of Holyrood, took an oath to be a true liegeman to the king of England in 1299. John Graneter was a juror on an inquest at Inverness in the year 1430.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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