The surname of GOLDSBY was an English habitation name from Goulceby a spot in Lincolnshire. The name was recorded as COLCHESBI in the Domesday Book of 1086, and the name literally meant the dweller at the enclosure or settlement. Another record of the name mentions GOLDESBYE (without surname) who appears in 1185. Most of the place-names that yield surnames are usually of small communities, villages, hamlets, some so insignificant that they are now lost to the map. A place-name, it is reasonable to suppose, was a useful surname only when a man moved from his place of origin to elsewhere, and his new neighbours bestowed it, or he himself adopted it. Other records of the name mention Ricardus filius Goldburg, 1179, London. Richard Goldburc was recorded in the year 1210 in County Leicestershire and John Goldsbrow of Yorkshire was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Most of the European surnames were formed in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. The process had started somewhat earlier and had continued in some places into the 19th century, but the norm is that in the tenth and eleventh centuries people did not have surnames, whereas by the fifteenth century most of the population had acquired a second name. Later instances of the name mention Edwin Griffin and Anne Goldesborough who were married in Canterbury in the year 1675. Christopher Gouldsbrough and Sibbel Lewis were married at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in the year 1734. Buried. Sarah, wife of Captain William Goldsborough, at St. Dionis Backchurch, London in the year 1734. It has long been a matter of doubt when the bearing of coats of arms first became hereditary and it was not until the Crusades that Heraldry came into general use. Men went into battle heavily armed and were difficult to recognise. It became the custom for them to adorn their helmets with distinctive crests, and to paint their shields with animals and the like. Coats of arms accompanied the development of surnames, becoming hereditary in the same way. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error.
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