The surname of GLENIE was of local origin, from Gleneye or Glennie in Aberdeenshire. Glenny is a surname of some antiquity in and about Aberdeen and both forms of the surname were borne by generations of tenant farmers in the districts of both Dee and Don. Early records of the name mention William Gleny who had a lawsuit in Aberdeen in 1389, with respect to the wool from certain lands. These lands are still called 'Glennie's Parks'. Angus Glenny was recorded in Aberdeen in 1408, and in the following year mass was said in the church for the wife of Angus Glennie. Robert Glynne was admitted burgess of Aberdeen in 1554. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. The name was spelt Glenna in 1556 and Glennay in 1503. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification.
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