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Glencross Coat of Arms / Glencross Family Crest

Glencross Coat of Arms / Glencross Family Crest

The surname of GLENCROSS is a Dumfriesshire surname derived from the lands of Glencrosh near Moniave, old spellings of which are Glencros, Glencroshe, Glencrash and Glencorse. Local names usually denoted where a man held his land. Early records of the name mention Thomas Glencors, a Scot, born in Anaunt, received letters of denization in England in 1480. Johannes clericus de Glenkrosh, witnessed the sale of a tenement in Gouertun in 1417. John Glencors and James Glencors, followers of the earl of Cassilis were respited for murder in the year 1526, and Andro Glencorse in Peirstone was burnt for poisoning and adultery in 1580, and in the following year John Glencross of that Ilk was murdered at Gribtoune. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. Many Highland families migrated from Scotland to Ireland during the 17th and 18th centuries, and were granted the lands of the native Catholic Irish. People heard of the attractions of the New World, and many left Ireland to seek a better life sailing aboard the fleet of ships known as the 'White Sails', but much illness took its toll with the overcrowding of the ships which were pestilence ridden. From the port of entry many settlers made their way west, joining the wagons to the prairies, and many loyalists went to Canada about the year 1790, and became known as the United Empire Loyalists. The lion depicted in the arms is the noblest of all wild beasts which is made to be the emblem of strength and valour, and is on that account the most frequently borne in Coat-Armour.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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