The name of GLAYSTER was of two-fold origin. It was an occupational name 'the glazier' a manufacturer of glass. The name was also locational, from the lands of Glaister or Glacester in Angus. The name of the old family was originally 'de Dunde'. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monastries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Early records of the name mention Eustace de Glasletter who witnessed a grant of the lands of Conan and Tulloch in 1254. Gilbert de Glassester had a grant of lands of Edderlings from David 11 in 1371. Adam Glasere, of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. In the first half of the 15th century the lands of the Glaister family had passed into the possession of the Scrymgeours of Dundee. Murthacus Glastre was the burgess of Aberdeen in the year 1444, and Mathew Glastre was one on an assize there in 1448. Andrew Glastir was recorded in 1457. Emanewell Runwell Glasher, was documented in London in the year 1642. Alba, the country which became Scotland, was once shared by four races; the Picts who controlled most of the land north of the Central Belt; the Britons, who had their capital at Dumbarton and held sway over the south west, including modern Cumbria; the Angles, who were Germanic in origin and annexed much of the Eastern Borders in the seventh century, and the Scots. The latter came to Alba from the north of Ireland late in the 5th century to establish a colony in present day Argyll, which they named Dalriada, after their homeland. The Latin name SCOTTI simply means a Gaelic speaker.
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