This surname of GLADNEY was a baptismal name meaning 'the son of GLADWIN'. The name was originally in the Old English form of GLAEDWINE, and was a fairly common font name in the 12th century. Early records of the name mention GLADUIN (without surname) who was recorded in the year 1066 in London. Walter GLADEWYNNE appears in 1273 in County Cambridge. Robert GLEDEWYNE was documented in County Kent in 1317, and Radulphus filius GLADEWINI of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll tax of 1379. Surnames as we recognise them today are believed to have been introduced by the Normans after the Invasion of 1066. The first mention of such names appears in the Domesday Book and they were progressively adopted between the 11th and 15th centuries. It was the nobles and upper classes who first assumed a second name, setting them apart from the common people who continued to use only the single name given to them at birth. It was not until the reign of Edward II (1307-1327) that is became common practice to use a secondary name, originally a name reflecting the place of birth, a nickname, an occupational name or a baptismal name which had been passed on from a parent to the child, as an additional means of identification. The name is also spelt GLADDON and GLADWIN. A later instance of the name mentions Katherine GLADWIN who was baptised at St. Mary, Aldermary, London in the year 1672. Hereditary surnames were originally imported from France into England during the Norman Conquest of 1066. In the two centuries or so after the Conquest surnames were acquired by most families of major landholders, and many landed families of lesser importance. There appears to have been a constant trickle of migration into Britain between about the years 1200 and 150O, mostly from France and the Low Countries, with a small number of migrants from Scandinavia, Germany, Italy and the Iberian peninsular, and occasional individuals from further afield. During this period groups of aliens settled in this country as for example, the Germans who from the late 15th century onwards settled in Cumbria to work the metal mines. Immigration during this time had only a small effect on the body of surnames used in Britain. In many cases, the surnames of immigrants were thoroughly Anglicised. The late sixteenth century saw the arrival, mostly in London and the south-coast ports of large numbers of people fleeing from the war regions of France.
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