This surname of GIUSTI is of Italian origin, an occupational name 'one who occupied the office of a judge'. It may also have been a nickname for a solemn and authoritative person, thought to behave like a judge. The name was rendered in medieval documents in the Latin form IUDEX. The name has many variant spellings which include JUDGE, JUGE, IODICE, LOGIUDICE, LOIUDICEM JUEZ and JUGET. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. Early records of the name in England mention Adam le Jugge, 1309, County Worcestershire. Thomas Judge was documented in County Suffolk in the year 1524. William Judges and Agnes Okendale were married in London in the year 1575. Richard Judge of County Monmouth, registered at Oxford University in 1616. Simon Norcut married Sarah Judge at St. George's Chapel, Mayfair, London in 1746. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. The associated coat of arms are recorded in Rietstaps Armorial General. Registered in Italy.
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