The Italian surname of GIORDANI was a baptismal name 'the son of Jordan'. This great personal name was given to returning crusaders from the River Jordan, which flows through the Sea of Galilee into the Dead Sea. It was common practice for them to bring back flasks of water from the river, in which John the Baptist had baptized people, including Christ, and to use it in the christening of their own children. Thus the name became quite a common given name in commemoration of this. The name has travelled widely in many forms including JORDAN, JORDAO, YARDENY, GIODARNO, IORDANSKI and DANNOT. The origins of Italian surnames are not clear, and much work remains to be done on medieval Italian records. It seems that fixed bynames, in some cases hereditary, were in use in the Venetian Republic by the end of the 10th century. The typical Italian surname endings are 'i' and 'o', the former being characteristic of northern Italy. The singular form 'o' is more typical of southern Italy. Early records of the name in England mention Jordanus (without surname) 1121, County Suffolk. Robert Jurdan was documented in County Yorkshire in the year 1188. Roger filius Jurdon, was recorded in the year 1273 in the County of Cambridge. Walter Jordan of the County of Sussex was documented in the year 1327 and Walter Jourdan appears in County Sussex in 1327. Matilda relicta Jordan was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Frances Nelson married Rachel Jurdison at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1763. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnanimity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
Orders over $90 qualify for Free Shipping within the U.S. (Use coupon code: FREESHIP).