The surname of GERLING was originally derived from the Old English word CODLING, an occupational name for a fisherman or one who bought and sold fish. The early records of the name appear to have come from the Yorkshire and Lincolshire areas, although the name is now widespread. CODLIN (without surname) was documented in the year 1086. In 1066 Duke William of Normandy conquered England. He was crowned King, and most of the lands of the English nobility were soon granted to his followers. Domesday Book was compiled 20 years later. The Saxon Chronicle records that in 1085 'at Gloucester at midwinter, the King had deep speech with his counsellors, and sent men all over England to each shire to find out, what or how much each landowner held in land and livestock, and what it was worth. The returns were brought to him'. William was thorough. One of his Counsellors reports that he also sent a second set of Commissioners 'to shires they did not know and where they were themselves unknown, to check their predecessors' survey, and report culprits to the King'. The information was collected at Winchester, corrected, abridged, and copied by one single writer into a single volume. Norfolk, Suffolk and Essex were copied, by several writers into a second volume. The whole undertaking was completed at speed, in less than 12 months. Other records of the name mention John Kodling, 1208, County Yorkshire, and Emma Codeling was recorded in 1297 in County Lincolnshire. Adam Cudelyne, listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Ralph Querdelynn was recorded in County Yorkshire in the year 1379. In 1433 John Querdling occupied a magisterial position in County Norwich. Simon Codlyng was the rector of Bittering in County Norfolk in the year 1436. The name has many variant spellings which include Quadling, Quedling and Codling. John Codling and Elizabeth Keates were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1772. The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. The eagle depicted in the crest is emblematical of fortitude and magnaminity of mind. The Romans used the figure of an eagle for their ensign, and their example has been often followed. It is the device of Russia, Austria, Germany and the United States of America.
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