This French surname of GIESE is of two-fold origin. It was a locational name meaning 'one who came from GUISE' the district so called in the east of France. It was also a baptismal name meaning 'the son of Guy' meaning sensible, life. The name is also spelt GUISE, GUISS, GUISE, GYSE and GUYES. The name was brought into England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066, and the earliest of the name on record appears to be Anslem de GYSE, who was recorded in Huntingdonshire in the year 1273 and John de GYSE was recorded during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Later instances of the name include Thomas Alderne and Ellinor GIUSE, who were married in Canterbury, Kent in the year 1675, and John, son of John GUYES was baptised at St. James's, Clerkenwell, London in 1691. French, or rather Norman French, was the language of the aristocracy and the upper classes in England at the time fixed surnames were being developed, it is therefore not surprising that many of our well-known family names are derived from French words. Originally only Christian or personal names were used, and although a few came into being during the 10th century, surnames were not widely used until much later, when people began to realize the prestige of having a second name. America was colonized by peoples from all over the world in a very short period of time, and mostly, in the case of French immigrants they have stayed together in Louisiana. Of the early immigrants to America the French have fared the worst in respect of their names, chiefly because of the difficulties experienced by the Americans in pronouncing them correctly. Many have been translated into English names. A minor notable of the name is Lewis Warner GUISS, born on the 19th November, 1911. He was a surgeon, and his appointments included professor of surgery at the University of Southern California from 1956, and attending surgeon at St. Vincent's Good Samaritan. He is the author of scientific articles in the general field of cancer. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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