This surname, also GAVINE is rendered in Gaelic Irish as O'Gaibhin. The name is familiar to both Connacht and south Munster, areas to which the three septs belong. The tradition of surnames in Ireland developed spontaneously, as the population increased and the former practice, first of single names and then of ephemeral patronymics or agnomina of the nickname type proved insufficiently definitive. At first the surname was formed by prefixing 'Mac' to the father's Christian name or 'O 'to that of a grandfather or earlier ancestor. Ireland was one of the earliest countries to evolve a system of hereditary surnames. They came into being fairly generally in the 11th century, and indeed a few were formed before the year 1000.
The name was taken to Scotland by settlers where GAVIN is a Caithness surname, derived from the ancient name Gwalchmai, signifying Hawk of Battle. It was a favourite forename throughout Strathclyde in past times, and it was a common surname among the gypsies of the Border. Early records of the name mention Alexander Gavin, documented in the year 1647 Brechin. James Gavine was a brewer in Potterrow, Edinburgh, Scotland in 1669. John Gavin was documented in Chastletoune in the year of 1682.
The origin of badges and emblems, are traced to the earliest times, although, Heraldry, in fact, cannot be traced later than the 12th century, or at furthest the 11th century. At first armorial bearings were probably like surnames and assumed by each warrior at his free will and pleasure, his object being to distinguish himself from others. It has long been a matter of doubt when bearing Coats of Arms first became hereditary. It is known that in the reign of Henry V (1413-1422), a proclamation was issued, prohibiting the use of heraldic ensigns to all who could not show an original and valid right, except those 'who had borne arms at Agincourt'. The College of Arms (founded in 1483) is the Royal corporation of heralds who record proved pedigrees and grant armorial bearings.
The associated arms are recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.
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