This surname GARTNER literally meant 'of the garden' from residence by one. Reference to the name was normally to a cultivator of edible produce in an orchard or kitchen garden, rather than to a tender of ornamental lawns and flower beds. The name was brought into Scotland and England in the wake of the Norman Invasion of 1066. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. The name is also spelt GARDENER, GARDINER, GARDEN, JERDAN, JERDON, GARDIN and GARTNER, to name but a few. The first of the name in Scotland appears to be a Winfredus de Jardine who flourished before 1153 and witnessed charters by David I to the Abbeys of Kelso and Arbroath. Umfrid de Jardin witnessed a charter by Robert de Bruys to the Abbey of Arbroath c.1178 and as Humphrey del Gardin he witnessed a confirmation of a fishery in Torduf c.1194. Patrick de Gardinas was cleric to the Bishop of Glasgow c.1200 and Sir Humphrey de Gardino witnessed the sale of lands in Annandale in 1245. John Jardin of Applegarth granted a charter of lands to a George Hume in 1476. Later instances of the name include Jean Gerdian who was the servitrix (clerk and attendant) to the Marchioness of Douglas in 1712. Thomas Jardin and Elizabeth Washington were married in 1725 in London and Andrew Gray and Jane Jardine were married at St George's church, Hanover Square, in the year 1759 Mr Andrew Gerden was a minister in Annendale in 1777 and Sir William Jardine, born in 1800, wrote several works on natural history.
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