The surname of GARSON is a French occupational name for a young servant, derived originally from the Old French word GARS meaning boy, land. The name has many variant spellings which include GASSON, GASHIO, GARCON, GARZONI, GARCONNET, GARSONNIN and CARCIOUX. Many of the modern family names throughout Europe reflect the profession or occupation of their forbears in the Middle Ages and derive from the position held by their ancestors in the village, noble household or religious community in which they lived and worked. The addition of their profession to their birth name made it easier to identify individual tradesmen and craftsmen. As generations passed and families moved around, so the original identifying names developed into the corrupted but simpler versions that we recognise today. Over the centuries, most people in Europe have accepted their surname as a fact of life, as irrevocable as an act of God. However much the individual may have liked or disliked the surname, they were stuck with it, and people rarely changed them by personal choice. A more common form of variation was in fact involuntary, when an official change was made, in other words, a clerical error. The earliest of the name on record appears to be Richard le GARZUN, who was recorded in England during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307) and John GARCON le PERSONE, was documented in the same year. A later instance of the name mentions William Richards and Sarah GASSON, who were married at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in the year 1773. In the Middle Ages the Herald (old French herault) was an officer whose duty it was to proclaim war or peace, carry challenges to battle and messages between sovereigns; nowadays war or peace is still proclaimed by the heralds, but their chief duty as court functionaries is to superintend state ceremonies, such as coronations, installations, and to grant arms. Edward III (1327-1377) appointed two heraldic kings-at-arms for south and north, England in 1340. The English College of Heralds was incorporated by Richard III in 1483-84.
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