The surname of GARNER was of two-fold origin. It was a baptismal name 'the son of Garnier'. It was also an occupational name for someone who lived near a barn or granary, or metonymic occupational name for someone in charge of the stores kept in a granery. The name was derived from the Old French word GERNIER (originally rendered in the Latin form of GRANARIUM) and the name was brought to England with the Conqueror in 1066. The small villages of Europe, or royal and noble households, even large religious dwellings and monasteries, gave rise to many family names, which reflected the occupation or profession of the original bearer of the name. Following the Crusades in Europe in the 11th 12th and 13th centuries a need was felt for an additional name. This was recognized by those of gentle birth, who realised that it added prestige and practical advantage to their status. At first the coat of arms was a practical matter which served a function on the battlefield and in tournaments. With his helmet covering his face, and armour encasing the knight from head to foot, the only means of identification for his followers, was the insignia painted on his shield, and embroidered on his surcoat, the draped and flowing garment worn over the armour. Early records of the name mention Garnerius de Nugen who was recorded in the year 1179 in County Yorkshire. Johannes Garner was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards. A later instance of the name mentions Christopher Garner who was listed in the Wills at Richmond in 1584.
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