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Garlant Coat of Arms / Garlant Family Crest

The name GARLANT was originally a baptismal name 'the son of Graland' a Norman name, that arrived with William the Conqueror in 1066. In Ireland the name is rendered as Gearnun in Gaelic, and its earlier spelling of Gernon, has been almost entirely superseded by Garland. The name has been prominent in Counties Monaghan and Louth, since Roger de Gernon accompanied Strongbow in 1170. Early records of the name mention Graland de Runchamp, documented during the reign of Edward I (1279-1307). Graland de St. Leodegario, was recorded in County Lancashire in 1300. John Garlande of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. The rise of surnames, according to the accepted theory, was due to the Norman Conquest of 1066 when Old English personal-names were rapidly superseded by the new christian names introduced by the Normans. Of these, only a few were really popular and in the 12th century this scarcity of christian names led to the increasing use of surnames to distinguish the numerous individuals of the same name. Some Normans had hereditary surnames before they came to England, but there is evidence that surnames would have developed in England even had there been no Norman Conquest. The development of the feudal system made it essential that the king should know exactly what service each person owed. Payments to and by the exchequer required that debtors and creditors should be particularized, and it became official that each individual acquired exact identification. The name was taken to Scotland by settlers and Joannes de Garlandia, who died in 1202, appears to be the first on record. Thomas Gerlond was granted a safe conduct to travel to Scotland in 1425. John Gerlonde was the burgess of Glasgow in the year 1482, and Elena Garlande was recorded as being the spouse of Robert Broustar in 1487. David Garland was documented in Vindiage, parish of Dunnichen in 1598, and George Garland was recorded in Gorbals in the year 1787. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884.

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Last Updated: Dec. 1st, 2021

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