This English and Scottish surname of GARAY was a locational name meaning 'one who came from CARLOWAY' in Lewis in the Outer Hebrides. There is also a place of the name GARWAY, a parish in County Hereford, seven miles from Monmouth, from where the original bearer may have taken his name. The name is also spelt GARWAY, GARAWAY and GAREWY. The earliest of the name on record appears to be John GAREWY of County Gloucestershire, who was recorded during the reign of Edward I (1272-1307). Surnames derived from placenames are divided into two broad categories; topographic names and habitation names. Topographic names are derived from general descriptive references to someone who lived near a physical feature such as an oak tree, a hill, a stream or a church. Habitation names are derived from pre-existing names denoting towns, villages and farmsteads. Other classes of local names include those derived from the names of rivers, individual houses with signs on them, regions and whole countries.
Later instances of the name include William GARAWAY, who was buried at St. Peter, Cornhill, London in 1682, and James Costidell married Elizabeth GARWAY at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1754. It was not until the 10th century that modern hereditary surnames first developed, and the use of fixed names spread, first to France, and then England, then to Germany and all of Europe. In these parts of Europe, the individual man was becoming more important, commerce was increasing and the exact identification of each man was becoming a necessity. Even today however, the Church does not recognise surnames. Baptisms and marriages are performed through use of the Christian name alone. Thus hereditary names as we know them today developed gradually during the 11th to the 15th century in the various European countries. The associated coat of arms is recorded in Sir Bernard Burkes General Armory. Ulster King of Arms in 1884. In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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