This surname GANDERTON is of two-fold origin. It was derived from the Old English word 'gandre'. An occupational name 'one who looked after the geese'. The name was also applied to a maker and seller of gloves. Occupational surnames originally denoted the actual occupation followed by the individual. At what period they became hereditary is a difficult problem. Many of the occupation names were descriptive and could be varied. In the Middle Ages, at least among the Christian population, people did not usually pursue specialized occupations exclusively to the extent that we do today, and they would, in fact, turn their hand to any form of work that needed to be done, particularly in a large house or mansion, or on farms and smallholdings. In early documents, surnames often refer to the actual holder of an office, whether the church or state. The name is also spelt GANDER, GANDRA, GANDERT and GAUNT. Early records of the name mention Roger Gandre, County Suffolk in 1273. Abraham le Gendre, County Yorkshire, ibid. Reginald le Gandre was documented during the reign of Edward III (1327-1377). Edward Gander of Yorkshire, was listed in the Yorkshire Poll Tax of 1379. Later instances of the name include William Bartholomew who married Rachel Gander at St. George's, Hanover Square, London in 1781. The name is also spelt Gandar. Since the dawn of civilisation the need to communicate has been a prime drive of all higher mankind. The more organised the social structure became, the more urgent the need to name places, objects and situations essential to the survival and existence of the social unit. From this common stem arose the requirements to identify families, tribes and individual members evolving into a pattern in evidence today. In the formation of this history, common usage of customs, trades, locations, patronymic and generic terms were often adopted as surnames. The demands of bureaucracy formally introduced by feudal lords in the 11th century, to define the boundaries and families within their fiefdoms, crystallized the need for personal identification and accountability, and surnames became in general use from this time onwards.
In the Middle Ages heraldry came into use as a practical matter. It originated in the devices used to distinguish the armoured warriors in tournament and war, and was also placed on seals as marks of identity. As far as records show, true heraldry began in the middle of the 12th century, and appeared almost simultaneously in several countries of Western Europe.
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